“There’s a flip side to everything,” the saying goes, and in 2 minutes, Derek Sivers shows this is true in a few ways you might not expect.
Through his new project, MuckWork, Derek Sivers wants to lessen the burdens (and boredom) of creative people.
|Pre-intermediate (high)||Modals of speculation||Cultural difference|
|Intermediate||Modals of deduction||Innovation and inspiration|
- What is unique to your country or culture? How do you think your country is different to others?
- Is it a good thing for countries and cultures to be different? How can we use this difference?
- Do you know anything about other countries that seems strange to you?
True or False?
- In Japan, streets are named in exactly the same way as they are in other countries.
- There are some doctors in China that you pay when you are healthy, and don’t pay when you are sick.
- Sivers says that whatever assumptions we have, the opposite may also be true.
- Houses in Japan are numbered in the way they are ordered around the outside of the block.
- West African music is exactly the same as every other type.
|1. To assume||A. To become aware of something, to understand clearly.|
|2. To presume||B. Excellent, ingenious or just very, very good.|
|3. Realize||C. For something to be exactly different to something else. To be absolutely contrary|
|4. Opposite||D. To accept something as true without proof or evidence.|
|5. Brilliant (Idea)||E. Easily understood or believed to be true without evidence.|
|6. Obvious||F . T o adopt a particular attitude towards something or somebody.|
Speculation: We use could + verb to express the possibility of something being true in the present or the future.
Could + verb / Couldn’t + verb
- I’m not sure where David is, but he’s not home. I guess he could be at work.
- We could go to the park this weekend, or we could go to the mall instead.
- She couldn’t be 30! She looks 22!
We can use might + verb to express the possibility of something in the present, or of something happening in the future.
Might + verb / Might not + verb
- It might rain tomorrow, so I won’t do laundry today.
- Arsenal might not win this weekend.
- There might be a lot of traffic this morning, so you should avoid the main road.
Deduction: We use must + be or can’t + be to express a certainty based on some fact(s).
Must + be / Must not + be / Can’t + be
- James must be at work, his car is not here and he said he needed to go to the office today.
- It can’t be the neighbour’s dog barking, it isn’t loud enough.
- That must not be Jane calling, her phone is broken.
Sentences to be completed with:
- Must + verb / Can’t + verb
- Might + verb / Might not + verb
- Could + verb / Couldn’t + verb
- Your mother ___________ a great cook. You are always so keen to get back home to eat!
- I don’t know why I am so tired these days. I ____________ working too hard, or maybe I’m not sleeping very well.
- Do you know where Carl is?
He ___________ out – his car keys are on the table.
- You seem to know everything about the theatre. You______________ every week.
- To give the promotion to Harold was silly. He_____________ much about this company after only a year working here.
- Go and look in the kitchen for your gloves. They ______________ in there.
- Oh, the phone is ringing. Answer it. It_____________ Kate.
- That’s the second new car they have bought this year. They ____________ very rich!
Speculation and Deduction
Cultural Quirks – True or False!? (See activities download)
- Work in pairs or small groups
- Each card has an interesting or quirky cultural fact about a particular country on it.
- Discuss them with your group or partner and decide which are true and which are false.
- Remember to use speculation and deduction!
“It must be true because…”
“It can’t be false because…”
“It might be true, but I’m not sure because…”
- Report answers and reasons for them back to the class.
- Which cultural differences did you think were the most interesting? Why?
- Do cultural differences like these make one country better than another? Why / Why not?
- Is it ok to talk about one country or culture being better than another? Why / Why not?
- Which country do you think is the most different to yours? Why?
- If you could change something about your country, what would it be and why?
- What do you think is the best way to learn about another country?
- What do you think defines a culture?
- What is the weirdest thing you have ever learned about another country? What is the best or most ingenious?
- Milk bags are way better than bottles!
- Driving on the right is so much better than driving on the left!
- Everyone should have a siesta in the afternoon!
- Tipping should be illegal.
- Cycling is too dangerous. It should be illegal to ride on the road.